Copper

Facts

Symbol: Cu

Appearance: Red-orange metallic

Melting point: 1084.62C

Boiling Point: 2562C

Did you know...

That copper has been used continuously by people for 10,000 years. In their hieroglyphics, the ancient Egyptians used the Ankh sign to represent both copper and the symbol of Eternal Life.

Copper

Boliden copper Harjavalta

Boliden Copper

Boliden is the third largest supplier of copper in concentrates and copper cathodes in Europe. Our own mines supply about 20 per cent of the copper in concentrate needs of our smelters. Boliden's copper production totals around 350 000 tonnes annually.

At our smelting and refining operations in Rönnskär and Harjavalta/Pori, copper in the form of cathodes is extracted from concentrates and scrap. Copper produced at Rönnskär is transported 7 days a week on the Copper Shuttle to Elektrokoppar in Helsingborg which further processes the metal into wires of different dimensions. On the way back to Rönnskär the train carries electronic scrap and other raw materials. 

Boliden mainly sells copper to European manufacturers of copper components such as wire rod and copper semis. The end-users are in the construction, electronics, electrical engineering and auto motive industries.

A significant part of the copper cathodes produced at Pori is sold to the local fabricators in Pori: Luvata, Aurubis and Cupori for further processing e.g. into plates, tubes, machined products and superconductors.

Uses of Copper

Copper is tough, malleable and highly conductive, making it one of the world's most important metals. It is essential to all living things and plays an important role in modern technology.

To learn more, please use the Uses of Copper link.

Copper and human health

As an essential trace element, copper is needed for growth, development and survival. Copper is needed by babies, especially for the development of the brain as well as heart and blood vessels. It plays a role in bone growth and strength and is vital in fighting off cell damage from free radicals in the body. Copper is needed to make blood cells.